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Response to michigandem58 (Original post)

Wed Feb 6, 2013, 06:15 PM

21. People, Liberals, spoke out about it then too.

Carey McWilliams was editor of The Nation and prepared a large report with his objections. I don't think it is fair to say that people didn't criticize FDR from the left at the time for the internments.


Evacuation Held Proof of Disloyalty

It would be idle, at this late date, to review the pros and cons of mass evacuation were it not for the fact that mass evacuation has placed the entire resident Japanese-American minority under a cloud of suspicion. The fact that evacuation was ordered, for example, is now being cited as proof of the disloyal character of the entire group. Actually, there is no basis whatever in the available evidence for such an inference. It is also interesting to note that some of the groups that were most active in California in urging evacuation of every person of Japanese ancestry from the west coast were, at the same time, strenuously opposed to the evacuation of a single person of Japanese ancestry from Hawaii! Some of these groups, moreover, had a freely acknowledged economic interest in mass evacuation. Immediately after Pearl Harbor, the Shipper-Grower Association of Salinas, California, sent Mr. Austin E. Anson to Washington to lobby for evacuation. "We're charged with wanting to get rid of the Japs for selfish reasons," said Mr. Anson. "We might as well be honest. We do. It's a question of whether the white man lives on the Pacific Coast or the brown man." Saturday Evening Post, May 9, 1942.

Voluntary Removal Fails

At the outset, it was merely the removal of all persons of Japanese ancestry that was contemplated by the authorities. There was no thought, at the time, of internment.

Between February 19 and March 27, 1942, the Japanese were free to depart voluntarily from the area. During this period, 10,231 left Military Area No. 1, but, of this number, 4,825 merely moved into Military Area No. 2. Not only were the Japanese moving too slowly—as viewed by the military—but many of them did not have enough money to leave the area. They did not know where to move, and they were meeting with opposition even while in transit. For example, Governor Payne Ratner of Kansas stated that "Japs are not wanted and not welcome in Kansas" and directed the state police to turn back any Japanese trying to enter the state.
As they sought to retreat eastward, evacuees met with many unpleasant incidents. Signs posted in shops read: "This restaurant poisons rats and Japs"; barber shops carried signs reading "Japs shaved: Not Responsible for Accidents"; signs were placed in automobile windshields reading "Open Season for Japs"; filling stations, restaurants, and hotels refused to serve evacuees. Realizing that some agency would have to be established to assist in evacuation, President Roosevelt, on March 18, 1942, issued Executive Order No. 9102 creating the War Relocation Authority. Early in April, the director of the authority met with the governors of the western states in Salt Lake City. These governors, with one exception, refused to accept responsibility for the maintenance of law and order unless evacuees were placed under military guard. These developments compelled the government to stop further voluntary evacuation and to undertake a program of planned relocation.


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michigandem58 Feb 2013 OP
Buzz Clik Feb 2013 #1
malthaussen Feb 2013 #2
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malthaussen Feb 2013 #9
Buzz Clik Feb 2013 #11
Floyd_Gondolli Feb 2013 #20
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el_bryanto Feb 2013 #3
Arctic Dave Feb 2013 #4
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SpartanDem Feb 2013 #22
Riftaxe Feb 2013 #24
sadalien Feb 2013 #5
EastKYLiberal Feb 2013 #7
zipplewrath Feb 2013 #17
obamanut2012 Feb 2013 #8
joeybee12 Feb 2013 #12
malthaussen Feb 2013 #13
Solly Mack Feb 2013 #15
LineNew Reply People, Liberals, spoke out about it then too.
Starry Messenger Feb 2013 #21
WinkyDink Feb 2013 #23
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